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R, STATISTICS, PSYCHOLOGY, OPEN SCIENCE, DATA VISUALIZATION

Articles in the R category

Confounded dose-response effects of treatment adherence: fitting Bayesian instrumental variable models using brms

Non-randomized comparisons are common in RCTs. In this post I show some examples of confounding and collider bias, using treatment adherence as an example. I present a small simulation study that show that common regression models used in clinical psychology, makes little sense, and that Bayesian instrumental variable regression can be easily fit using the R package brms.

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Introducing 'powerlmm' an R package for power calculations for longitudinal multilevel models

Over the summer I've been working on finishing my new R package 'powerlmm', which is now almost complete. It provides flexible power calculations for typical two- and three-level longitudinal linear mixed models, with unbalanced treatment groups and cluster sizes, as well as with missing data and random slopes at both the subject and cluster-level.

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Expected overestimation of Cohen’s d under publication bias

In this post I will use the theoretical and empirical sampling distribution of Cohen’s d to show the expected overestimation due to selective publishing. I will look at the overestimation for various sample sizes when the population effect is 0, 0.2, 0.5 and 0.8. The conclusion is that you should be weary of effect sizes from small samples, and that the issue is rather with type M (magnitude) errors than type I errors. At least is clinical psychology the pervasive problem is overestimation of effects and not falsely rejecting null hypothesis.

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