Here's a new visualization that shows the p-curve distribution when comparing the means of two independent samples for varying effects. Many know that the distribution is uniform when the null is true, but what about when it isn't?
In this post I will use the theoretical and empirical sampling distribution of Cohen’s d to show the expected overestimation due to selective publishing. I will look at the overestimation for various sample sizes when the population effect is 0, 0.2, 0.5 and 0.8. The conclusion is that you should be weary of effect sizes from small samples, and that the issue is rather with type M (magnitude) errors than type I errors. At least is clinical psychology the pervasive problem is overestimation of effects and not falsely rejecting null hypothesis.
Last week a group of Dutch scientists published a study providing further evidence of mindfulness’ ability to bolster creativity. Specifically they looked at if open awareness differed from focused attention in increasing divergent thinking
Can you tell when error bars based on 95 % CIs or standard errors correspond to a significant p-value? Don’t fret if you think it’s hard, a study from 2005 showed that researchers in psychogoly, behavior neuroscience and medicine had a hard time judging when error bars from two independent groups signified a significant difference